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Eduardo V. Manalo

Eduardo V. Manalo

Eduardo V. Manalo is the third executive minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo, a Christian religion founded by a Filipino Felix Y. Manalo in Manila and was registered with the Philippine government as a church on July 27, 1914.

He is the son of Eraño “Erdy” Manalo and Cristina “Tenny” Manalo. Eraño is the second executive minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo after the church’s founder, Eraño’s father Felix Y. Manalo died.

In 2009, Eraño died after serving as executive minister for 46 years, Eduardo succeeded him.

In 2015, a controversy broke out among the Iglesia ni Cristo when it was revealed that the Manalo clan was at odds over the church’s management of its finances which led to the church expelling Eduardo’s mother and his siblings Angelo, Marco Eraño, and Lolita.

INC claims they are in over 100 countries all over the world. Locally, they have 2,251,941 members, according to the latest data from the National Statistics Office.

The INC wields political clout by practicing bloc voting during national and local elections. INC members are given a few days before election day a sample ballot with the names of candidates the Church leadership is endorsing. This could translate to 1.5 to 1.8 million votes in national elections which makes the church very powerful and influential.

But not all the presidential candidates the INC endorsed won. In the 1986 snap presidential election, Corazon Aquino won over incumbent Ferdinand Marcos, who was supported by the INC. In 1992, Fidel V. Ramos, who won as president, did not get the endorsement of the INC who supported Marcos crony Eduardo M. Cojuangco Jr..

Four of the presidential candidates the INC has endorsed eventually won. They are: Joseph Estrada in the 1988 elections, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in the 2004 elections, Benigno Aquino III in the 2010 elections, and sitting president Rodrigo Duterte.

It is widely alleged that the Church leadership recommends to the President INC members for positions in government especially in the  judiciary, Commission on Elections commissioner, and Bureau of Customs. 

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Philippine Arena


New Era General Hospital


New Era University

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Cristina “Tenny” Manalo

is the wife of Eraño “Erdy” Manalo, the second executive minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo after the church’s founder, Eraño’s father Felix Y. Manalo died; Mother of Eduardo V. Manalo

Further Information

Data Publicly Available

ownership data is easily available from other sources, e. g. public registries etc.

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Financial Statement of Christian Era Broadcasting Service International, Incorporated (available upon request at SEC) (2016), Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

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